Logic has been dominant in the West since the foundation of the Church. Although logic was formalised in ancient Greece, it was adopted by the Church to defend its dogma, or the assertion that it alone possessed the truth. This created the division between orthodox and unorthodox thinking. Anyone who disagreed with the dogma of the Church was branded a heretic and persecuted.
The Church then set up the universities, first in Bologna, then in Paris and then in Oxford. With the advent of the Renaissance, the new science was spread through the universities. Even though the outlook was now secular, the same dogmatic assertion of a single truth remained. Everything changed except the dominance of logic.
It is owing to this that logic informs all aspects of society and not just the education system. This can be seen most clearly in politics, which is governed by the adversarial system of finding fault with an opponent’s argument. Logic also informs science, philosophy, history, law, economics and even the arts. This is why much of our thinking is directed at finding fault with the opinions of others.
Outside of the education system, there are very few absolutes in life. We make most of our decisions based on a hunch or a best possible guess, and we rarely know whether the decision is the right one until after we have made it. So logic teaches us to look for the right answer, but it doesn’t teach us how to deal with uncertainty. That is why our most important decisions and judgements in life are intuitive. In spite of this there are no institutions set up to teach intuitive thinking directly.